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September 26, 2014

Happy Friday, folks! This week is all about one fish – the incredibly popular and entertaining South American Puffer.

Colomesus asellus has many common names, including South American Puffer (or SAP), Amazon or Amazonian Puffer, Asell’s Puffer or Colombian/Peruvian Striped Puffer. Occasionally, it is known as the Nice Puffer or the Community Puffer – these adorable, 3-inch pufferfish enjoy the company of others of their own species and will generally not harass tankmates as they explore their home. Their brilliant yellow and black banding over their dorsal side and quick, darting motions bring to mind bumblebees.

Colomesusasellusface1

South American Puffers are incredibly intelligent and personable fish – they learn to recognize their owners (at least, those who feed and interact with them) by both sight and sound and will often come to greet them at the front of the aquarium when they enter the room. A complex environment with smooth décor such as large root wood structures, flat rocks and plenty of plants for the fish to explore and sand for them to both search for food and bury themselves in, is greatly appreciated. Shuffling the décor on occasion and providing a varied diet (including live and frozen foods such as frozen Mysis shrimp and live snails) can keep these intelligent creatures (and their owner) entertained as they explore the new layout of their home.

Pufferfish, including the South American Puffer, are molluscivores – their primary diet in the wild is snails and other shelled creatures. The fish possess modified “beaks” composed of two upper and two lower teeth with enough strength to crack through thick shells. These teeth continue to grow over the course of their lives and, therefore, shelled food should be provided on a regular basis to help wear down their beaks. C. asellus are known for their remarkably fast-growing beaks and are best fed hard-shelled food at least once every few days to help wear them down.

Colomesusasellus4

With such an active tendency and relatively delicate temperament – Puffers are scaleless fish and somewhat sensitive to many medications and buildup of organic wastes – a moderately sized aquarium, preferably 25 gallons or larger, should be maintained with regular water changes for a group of three to six Colombian Striped Puffers. Larger groups should be housed in larger aquariums. A single Colombian Striped Puffer can be kept in about 15 gallons comfortably, but may become shy, nervous, or display neurotic behavior when kept individually.

While C. asellus is a comparatively peaceful and non-aggressive fish and can often be housed in community aquaria, they are notorious fin nippers and should not be kept with slow moving or long finned fish. Good choices include Plecostomus, quick and large tetras such as Cardinals or Rummynose, and other short finned or quick fish.

Colomesusasellus3

Thanks for reading and I’ll see you back here next week!

Jessica Supalla

September 19, 2014

Friday! We’re just heading into week two of our Anniversary Sale and with it, we have another fish on sale: Nannoptopoma sp. “Peru” “Orange Oto”. Read on to learn more about them!

The common Otocinclus is a popular fish for smaller aquaria - it is a very efficient consumer of brown algae with a small size. A little group is perfect for a 10-20 gallon aquarium where even an Ancistrus is too large. It is really refreshing to see different types of Oto available in the hobby, giving us all a choice of what type of tiny Loricariid we want in our small tanks. At about the same size and care requirements as the common Oto, Nannoptopoma sp. “Peru” “Orange Otocinclus” is a wonderful alternative if one wants something different for their aquatic habitat. Adult size for these fish is a mere inch and a quarter. Warm, high 70s Fahrenheit temperatures, will keep them comfortable. However, unlike the common Oto, the Orange Oto features a wider head and a dished facial profile - their little upturned noses are quite cute. Their bodies are heavily armored and striped brown and orange in tone. Each specimen has bright red eyes and orange faces and other light cream and brown markings over the body seem to vary between individuals, though they seem to follow scale edges. For best results, take your time acclimating all Otocinclus type species. Supplement their diet with algae wafers or blanched vegetables - while these fish are fantastic at eating brown algae and awfwuchs, their rough-textured lips are not typically strong enough to remove hard or hairy green algae from surfaces and they seem to dislike black beard algae.

Nannoptopoma sp Orange Zebra Otocinclus1

But what should we keep with our lovely little Orange Otocinclus? My favorite option is one of the smallest we offer, Boraras brigittae “Chili Rasbora”. A lot of sources will purchase the cheaper B. urophthalmoides “Exclamation Point Rasbora” and attempt to pass them off as B. brigittae, but we assure you that we would never consider purposefully mislabeling a fish, especially one as special as this one. The Chili Rasbora is much sought after for its beautiful bright red coloration and black flank stripe. Dashes of red mark each of its fins. The maximum size of these little beauties is only just over three quarters of an inch and a group of twenty would easily suit a 20 gallon long aquarium with a group of Orange Otos. Be sure to have very fine food sources on hand, as they have very small mouths.

Boraras brigittae

Another little nano fish I’m quite fond of is Pseudomugil gertrudae “Spotted Blue Eye/Gertrudae Rainbow”. This fascinating little fish reaches between 1.25 and 1.5 inches. P. gertrudae is typically a yellow fish with black scale rims as well as a somewhat bolder black stripe along their midline. Their fins are translucent white and patterned with intricate black dots. Their upturned pectorals, ventral fins, and first dorsal fins are tipped in bright yellow-white. The Spotted Blue Eye’s gill plates show slight pink coloration and their eyes, as in their names, are a brilliant, shining blue. This is an easily sexed species, with females sporting much shorter fins and lacking the brilliant white tips on their upturned pectoral fins. Soft, slightly acidic water is ideal for this species and they enjoy black water conditions, however, they are more than capable of handling neutral pH values.

Pseudomugil gertrudae BlueSpotRainbow

Perhaps a better contrast to the red tones of B. brigittae might be Celestichthys erythromicron “Emerald Dwarf Rasbora.” The Emerald Dwarf Rasboraoccurs frequently in Lake Inle and the surrounding watershed. This is an amazing little fish, though I personally think its common name is not very suiting. The dwarf part is correct as it does not reach over 0.8 inches in length. I personally would have chose to call them sapphire, as this fish has an orange color base with a an overlay of distinct iridescent dark blue vertical bars over its body. Brilliant red is displayed over theis gill plates and in the ventral and anal fins. The caudal peduncle is accented with a single black spot. Both sexes of the species share this lovely coloration, though females are slightly larger than the males with just a touch less color. D. erythromicron is a shoaling species. The best way to ensure a low aggression level is to keep as many of these fish as possible together.

Danio erythromicron2

Finally, I’d choose a dwarf Corydoras to occupy the bottom of the tank - Corydoras habrosus. This tiny Corydoras, reaching a maximum size of less than an inch and a half, is known by many common names - "Dainty Cory", "Salt and Pepper Cory", and "Venezuelan Pygmy Cory". As with most Corydoras, this species is a bottom-feeding scavenger, requiring a soft and sandy substrate, and care should be taken to ensure that enough food reaches the bottom of the aquarium to keep them well fed. It should be noted that if these fish are only allowed leftover food from the feeding of the tank's other occupants, it will probably not thrive.   These Corydoras should be kept in a group of six or more at a temperature of 72°F to 79°F, a pH between 6.2 and 7.2, and a similar hardness as the other fish considered - 2 to 12 degrees is ideal.

Thanks for reading, folks, and have a good one!

Jessica Supalla

August 22, 2014

I won’t suggest you try to say Tahuantinsuyoa macantzatza three times fast – most of us here at the Wet Spot can hardly say it once. It’s much easier to call this fish by its common name, the “Inka Stone Fish”. These dwarf-type cichlids from Peru were only described in 1986 and are still incredibly rare in the hobby. Their maximum length of four inches and relatively undemanding care make them an excellent option for the South American Cichlid enthusiast. Neutral to slightly acidic, fairly soft water in standard tropical temperatures should keep the Inka Stone Fish happy. Be wary, however – these fish develop a definite hierarchy as they mature and a brooding pair will relentlessly defend their territory and fry. When a pair forms from a young group, it is best to remove the rest of the fish to another tank and leave the pair to their own devices. The pair will prefer to brood on movable pieces of furniture such as small, lightweight pieces of shale or leaf litter that they can clean and arrange to their liking. As biparental mouthbrooders, both the male and female Stone Fish will care for the young. However, shortly after the fry are of swimming age, it appears likely in the literature that one of the pair will take over sole responsibility for the fry and turn on their mate. Because of this, a brooding parent should again be removed and not reintroduced until the fry are old enough to fend for themselves in a grow-out tank. Reintroducing the pair should be done with the greatest of care and attention. Overall, these beautiful cichlids appear to be unfussy eaters and spawning reports are not particularly isolated. If you care to call us and ask about them, feel free to forego the scientific name – we definitely do around here. On the other hand, if you are confident in your ability to pronounce their name, we’d love to hear that, too!

TahuantinsuyoamacantzatzaWILD

Aside from these fabulous cichlids, we’ve gotten many species of wild Peruvian Corydoras. Of our many new species, featured both last week and this in our New Fish section, I wanted to feature just a few – Corydoras sp. C127, brought in as C. cortesi, Corydoras pastazensis and the similar Corydoras orcesi “Johanna Cory”. All three are saddle-nosed Corydoras with long, dished faces and extended barbels. They all grow to an adult size of about two and three quarters of an inch and enjoy neutral to slightly acidic water. Typical tropical temperatures around 77 degrees Fahrenheit will keep them in good condition and a sandy substrate will allow them to root around for food as they do in the wild without damaging their delicate barbels.

CorydorasspC127

Corydoras sp. C127 is the outlier off the trio with a pale body and dark back, reminiscent of C. fowleri or C. semiaquilus. Their slate coloration extends over the top of their face to the front of their gill plates and terminates irregularly along their lateral line. Their gill plates in particular are graced with iridescent coloration, flashing gold or green in the proper light.

Corydorasorcesi

Corydoras orcesi was once thought to be a subspecies of C. pastazensis but is generally accepted as its own species now, though there are still some who believe its status as its own species is unwarranted. They are indeed very similar species – each one has a buff base color with a bold black stripe crossing vertically over their eye as well as down their body from their leading dorsal ray. Both feature white caudal fins with thin vertical black barring. The greatest visual distinction between the species is in the patterning on their sides – Corydoras orcesi is marked by large black spots while C. pastazensis is peppered with tiny black speckles.

Corydoraspastazensis

We received many more than these four fish in the past few weeks, so be sure to check out the new fish list on the right side of the screen. Thank you for reading and we’ll see you back here next week!

Jessica Supalla

September 12, 2014

Welcome to the weekend, folks! It’s that time of year – in just about one month we will be celebrating our 15th anniversary here at the Wet Spot and, in light of this, we’ve decided to offer some very nice (specials, coupons, discounts, savings, contests) to all of you who keep up with our newsletter. A coupon and code word will be located at the end of the newsletter – reference it in your email or phone call to receive this week’s special!

We’re between shipments of fish this week and with the influx of fish relaxed somewhat, I thought I would try something special and feature the favorite fish of our Online Sales Team. I’m fairly certain our fish selection says something about us as people, though I’m not sure exactly to what extent. Nevertheless, it definitely shows that we are just as interested in the personality of our fish as we are their looks.

I briefly introduced Gabe, our new fish wrangling associate, when he joined our team. Of course, he’s far from the visible proceedings of our team and works in the background to make sure your shipments are properly caught and packed. He’s a rather laid-back fellow with a penchant for wordplay and puns and is fairly retiring until something sparks his interest. His current favorite fish, Dysichthys coracoideus “Banjo Cat”, has a very similar temperament. Gabe is especially taken by their feeding habits – the sedate and still camouflage specialists will stay as still as a piece of bogwood or leaf litter until their daily portion of worms is dropped into the corner of their holding tank. Rather than moving en masse to feed, the attention of the group seems to radiate from the food, spreading like a wave of motion across the aquarium until they are all in a slow-motion frenzy of munching on their bloodworms. Our current specimens are healthy and large – at least three inches in length. With a maximum size of six inches, these fish are well on their way to adulthood. The Colombian Banjo Cat is a strangely shaped fish with a broad, diamond-shaped body as viewed from above, marked leaf-like pectoral fins, and a long tail. Vertically they are highly compressed with their dorsal side slightly larger than the ventral side. Complex patterns of black, brown, white and grey tones mark this fish’ flat dorsal side. This natural leaf litter camouflage is one of the greatest draws of this strange species. These peaceful fish prefer sandy substrates and temperatures from 70 to 80 Fahrenheit and a fairly neutral pH.

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Any of you who contact us by phone have likely dealt with our Sales Representative Chelsea – she’s outgoing, nerdy and creative. Chelsea also works part time as a dog trainer and attends Portland University with a goal to finish a degree in Photography by next summer. She does love all things cute and adorable and in her opinion, Mikrogeophagus altispinosa “Bolivian Ram” is definitely one of the cutest fish in the world. Their feisty yet relatively peaceful personality seems to match hers well, which may explain some of her love for them. The Bolivian Ram is definitely neither new nor rare to the hobby but is often overlooked for the bright color morphs of its close cousin, M. ramirezi “German Blue Ram”.   The Bolivian Ram is a beautiful little fish with a honey to amber colored body. A black tear stripe runs from the fish’s eye to the bottom edge of its gill plate and a single black spot marks their flank at mid-body. Red fin edges and an assortment of spots and leading black edges make these fish a sight to behold. There are a lot of rumors about how to sex this dwarf cichlid; however, there is no proven way to do so until the fish is fully grown and sexually mature. The males will then be slightly larger than the females. Enhanced coloration, fin extensions, pointed fins and blue sheens over the flank spot are all visible in subadults and juveniles of both sexes. A group of six will make a perfect addition to a sedate community aquarium with some peaceful Corydoras and calm tetras such as Hyphessobrycon herbertaxelrodi “Black Neon Tetra”.

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The vast majority of you are familiar with our Online Sales Manager, Anthony, and perhaps only the newest customers haven’t spoken with him at one time or another. Even though he’s no longer answering phone calls or emails, he’s still very active with each and every order -- catching and bagging fish, quality control, and on top of that taking the vast majority of the beautiful images we have for our fish. Anthony is a consummate individual: his sense of style lies outside any known genre, his moustache is the stuff of legends (or one may think so with how much he talks about it), and he is dead-set on catching the largest fall Chinook salmon he can from the Columbia River system – no luck yet, but we’re all hoping to chow down on some nice salmon when he succeeds. Likewise, we’re all familiar with his deep love of Geophaginae, in particular, Satanoperca daemon “Spotted Demonfish”. Anthony rightly describes the Satanoperca’s distinctive long face as somewhat cartoonish. Their colors -- a beautiful checking of iridescent blue over bronze, blue color on the upper fins and red on the lower fins -- are truly stunning. Add to that the immense filamentous extensions in their ventral and dorsal fins and an unmistakable black eye spot at the base of the caudal fin and you get one amazingly unique and gorgeous fish. Of course, their Geophaginae habits of constantly grazing through the substrate, picking up mouthfuls of sand and letting it fall through their gills, provide us with hours of rapt study, marveling at the forces of evolution to produce such a perfect and unique substrate sifting fish as this.

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Likewise, if you’ve been reading the newsletter for any length of time or even if today is your first, you’ve met me. I’m not a big fan of speaking about myself and prefer to let my writing tell its own story. Nevertheless, one of my very favorite fish is Trichogaster chuna “Honey Dwarf Gourami” (Surprising to everyone, it is not a Betta species). T. chuna is a former member of the now defunct Colisa genus and an amazing 2 inch fish. It is incredibly peaceful and curious, often startling other fish with a gentle touch from its modified ventral fins. These fish are best kept in groups of mixed genders - while not a gregarious species, their social behavior is incredibly fascinating. Each fish will pick a favorite spot in the aquarium, males will display their colors to each other in shows of dominance as well as to draw the attention of females. Gouramis have modified ventral fins of great lengths -- They rely on these as an additional sensory organ, used by tapping objects with their ventral fins. When the object is another fish this can be incredibly amusing. The female of the species is a silvery-brown color with a bolder brown midlateral stripe and gentle orange edges to their dorsal and anal fins. The males' resting colors are similar, though slightly orange and featuring yellow fin edges. When displaying, the males take on an absolutely amazing brick red coloration and a blue-black coloration over their face and chin, which extends along their ventral sides and over their anal fins.

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There exists in the hobby a beautiful color morph – the Sunset Honey Gourami. These are brilliant golden yellow fish with bright orange to red anal fins. Be careful, however - many less reputable aquarium hobby stores mislabel Trichogaster labiosa "Sunset Thicklip Gourami" as "Sunset Honey Gourami". These two fish are quite easy to tell apart: The Sunset Thicklip is distinctly brassy orange with a slightly more elongate and less round body. Mind you, T. labiosa is also a wonderful fish, but it's nice to know exactly what fish you are keeping.

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Thank you for reading once again and I do hope this gives you a bit of insight into our Online Sales team, what makes us tick and what we love about our fish.

Jessica Supalla

August 15, 2014

Happy Friday, folks! I found my way out of the forest and back to the office and man, we’ve received some amazing fish while I was away! There’s so many that, as usual, I can’t write about them all, but I’ve tried to include as many as possible in our New Fish List to the right of your screen.   In the meantime, however, let’s talk about some of our unique Loricariids fresh off the plane.

Baryancistrus xanthellus “Gold Nugget Pleco” is a very popular specimen in the hobby thanks to its striking appearance. I must admit that I was a little surprised to learn that there is more than one distinct color morph of the species, each with their own L-numbers. We received two of the different L-numbered B. xanthellus this past week – our usual L018 “Gold Nugget” from the Rio Xingu, as well as L177 “Iriri Gold Nugget ” from the Xingu’s tributary, the Rio Iriri.

BaryancistrusxanthellusL018

BaryancistrusxanthellusL177

With a basic color of dark brown to black, both of the Gold Nuggets are decorated with a dramatic splattering of sunny yellow spots and accented with yellow borders at the rear of the dorsal and caudal fins. The yellow spots of the typical L018 Gold Nugget are small and delicate compared to the larger polka dots of the L177 Iriri Gold Nugget. As the fish grow towards their nine and a half inch adult length, these spots grow more numerous and intricate in pattern. With looks like these, it’s not surprising that aquarists love the Gold Nugget Pleco and the Iriri Gold Nugget looks to be no exception.

This grazing species of pleco eats aufwuchs – microorganisms and algae that grows in a film on submerged surfaces – and will appreciate a diet heavy on vegetables with treats of meaty fare such as bloodworms, blackworms, or frozen prawns when they are larger. B. xanthellus can be very territorial with other bottom dwelling fish and quite aggressive to other members of its own species, but with so much color, just one of either of these beautiful Gold Nuggets will make an excellent centerpiece for a large aquarium.

Another beautiful centerpiece plecostomus for your larger aquarium is either of the gorgeous Pseudacanthicus species we just got in, L024 “Red Fin Cactus Pleco” of the Rio Tocantins and L025 “Scarlet Cactus Pleco” found in the Rio Xingu. Their shared common name of ‘Cactus Pleco’ is due to the extensive odontodal and denticular growth on both their fin rays and scales. Males show extensive odontes than females, particularly on their pectoral fin rays. Females, on the other hand, grow to be much more full-bodied than the fairly slender males.

PseudacanthicusspL024

L024, the Red Fin Cactus Pleco, is a lovely brown olive green in body color with orange to red fins. Some specimens appear to show spotting in their dorsal and anal fins and some show significant red coloration on their pectoral and ventral fins while others show none. Ours are still young so we are not entirely sure what colors their bodies will be when they age, but they do show brilliant red coloration in their pectoral and ventral fins. They are the smaller of the two species, reaching just less than 12 inches in length.

PseudacanthicusspL025

In contrast, L025, the Scarlet Cactus Pleco, grows to over seventeen inches in length for the largest specimens. They are significantly bolder in pattern than their Red Finned cousins, with deep chocolate body coloration marked with black spots over their heads. These spots organize into lateral stripes down the entirety of their body and tail. The center of the caudal fin and the rear of each other fin carry this coloration with bold spots, while the leading and outside edges are all scarlet red. Their eyes are also slightly hooded in form, giving them a bit of a scowling expression that I find quite endearing.

Both species enjoy moderate temperature values neither over 80 degrees nor below 74 degrees Fahrenheit. Shady rests should be provided as both species, especially L025, may be quite shy during the daytime. Pseudacanthicus spp. are carnivores and seem to particularly relish shrimp, prawns and mussels. A bit of vegetable matter to balance their diet is a good treat for these beautiful fish. Both species are very territorial from a young age and other bottom dwellers, especially those that are nocturnal, should be avoided.   The Cactus Plecos’ array of spines and hooks can do quite a bit of damage if they decide to quarrel with another fish!

PseudacanthicusspL354

Finally, we’ve gotten a very unusual pleco worth mentioning – Spectracanthicus sp. “Large Spot Pleco”, L354. Until recently this was known as a member of the Oligancistrus genus but its conjoined dorsal and adipose fins indicate it belongs to another genus altogether. Other diagnostic criteria have set it apart from Baryancistrus by their teeth and from Parancistrus due to its comparatively small gill opening. This is an unusual fish to see in the hobby and is not kept by many aquarists. With a maximum length of around four inches and a preference for temperatures between 75 and 84 degrees Fahrenheit, this little carnivore is suitable for a wide range of aquaria, unlike the very large Pseudacanthicus spp. mentioned above.

That’s all for today! Please feel free to contact me if you have any questions about these wonderful and unusual Loricariids or any of our other fish. Thank you for reading!

Jessica Supalla

September 5, 2014

Good day, folks. I hope you’re having a lovely Friday; it’s been quite a week here with fish coming and going. Of note, we just received some really nice Boraras brigittae – the true Chili Rasboras – and they are gorgeous! Let us know soon if you want them. Our supplier says no one else has tried to source them in the US yet, so we don’t expect them to stay in stock very long.

Now, we’ve had a lovely batch of Taeniacara candidi for a couple weeks now and they’ve had time to settle in – they are positively gorgeous and ready to go home. This dwarf cichlid features a spade-shaped caudal fin with brilliant patterns of blue, red and black. The dorsal fin is ticked with alternating stripes of red and blue and their anal fin is mottled in blue, red, yellow and black. The finnage is definitely the star of T. candidi’s looks, though its body is still a beautiful honey color with a bold black stripe running from behind the eye to the caudal edge, punctuated by a large spot at the caudal peduncle. The females are slightly smaller with somewhat shorter fins than the males, however, their fins are just as richly colored. These fish prefer densely planted aquaria and plenty of cover will definitely show them at their best.

Taeniacara candidi pair

We’d never seen Leptagoniates pi “Triangle Glass Tetra” before, so when it was offered on our supplier’s list we jumped at the chance to bring it in. Of course, there’s very little information on the fish in general, so I’ll have to be content telling you what I’ve observed in the couple of weeks they’ve been here. These fish are currently around three quarters of an inch and should grow to just over one inch by the time they are adults. They arrived mislabeled from Peru and according to Fishbase the species has only been identified from Bolivia. However, their distinctive π-shaped swim bladder, visible through their wholly transparent flanks, gave away their species. The Triangle Glass Tetra is a ready feeder and seems quite unfussy. As with other tetras, keep them in a school of six or more fish for their comfort.

Leptagoniates pi

Hyphessobrycon haraldschultzi “Red Crystal Tetra” is also unusual to see in the hobby, though not quite as unusual as the Triangle Glass Tetra. Their typical habitats are the byways and backwaters of the major rivers, including oxbow lakes that have been cut off from the main rivers outside of floods and smaller tributaries. The water is likely to be slightly acidic and contain leaf litter and branch wood. These are definitely small tetras, barely reaching an inch if at all, with beautiful translucent red coloration and fins marked with black and white. A single black spot marks their flank near their pectoral fin, as with many other Hyphessobrycon species. A group of these alongside the L. pi would be a stunning display alongside your T. candidi.

Hyphessobrycon haraldschultzi

Thank you all for reading once more!

Jessica Supalla

August 8, 2014

I’m back! That’s right. I haven’t gone anywhere in the shop, other than to change duties and continue to keep up with orders and providing quality fish to you with the help of my employee, Gabe. With Jess on a hiatus this week, being lost somewhere in the Oregon woods, it gives me an opportunity to fill your heads with more South America! This week we have a treat for you…

For the first time this year, we are very proud to offer one of my personal favorite dwarf cichlids, Dicrossus filamentosa “Checkerboard Cichlid” hailing from the countries of Colombia and Venezuela. In these lands filled with vast jungles, the Checkerboard Cichlid is found in small streams among the tributaries of the Rio’s Inírida, Maripa, and the Orinoco basin. The bottoms of these forest streams are typically flooded with leaf litter, roots from the trees, and soft sands. There are virtually no plants, with the exception of some near the bank.

Dicrossusfilamentosus

Despite the lack of “greens” in their homeland, the Checkerboard is a very popular fish for the planted aquaria. This is due to the incredible colors packed into such a petite animal. Maturing around 3-3.5”, males display remarkable reds, blues, and greens that flicker like a starry night in the desert against their bold checkerboard patterned bodies. The caudal fins on the males grow long, almost lyretail-like extensions. While the females stay around the 2-2.5”, with less remarkable markings, they do develop bright salmon red ventral fins to attract their potential mate.

Dicrossusfilamentosusfemale

When a pair is ready to spawn, they will clean off a large leaf or rock to spawn upon. I found that using Anubius barteri or a related species works the best for this. Keeping a group of about 6 individuals in a 20 gallon tank allows pairs to “naturally” form. Reports state that if you are attempting to breed them you’ll need a pH below 5. However, I have found that a range of 6-6.5 (these conditions are also ideal for long term housing) works just as well. The temperature needs to be between 82-84° in order for the eggs to hatch properly after a couple of days. Once they hatch, you may introduce Artemia to rear the fry. Of course, separating the parents from the babies is the best method to allow for the best survival rate.

Now a tank full of little cichlids is grand and all, but most hobbyists are probably not going to dedicate space to one particular item. You’re probably wondering what other fish you can keep with them at this point. As these fish come from South America, other small cichlids from that of the Apistogramma family work well, provided that your tank is large enough. I would recommend these if you have a tank at least 4 feet in diameter and have provided enough hiding places for both. Small Characins such as Paracheirodon simulans “Green Neon Tetra” make wonderful occupants to hang about our shy dwarf cichlids as well. I will say that this week our Green Neons came in at a wonderful size and are more than ready to ship with the Checkerboards!

Paracheirodonsimulansgroup

I hope you enjoyed hearing from me this week. I know my style of writing is a bit different than Jess’, so thank you all for reading. Be sure to check our stock list for new items, and I’ll be happy to start bagging these up for you on Monday!

Have a wonderful weekend!

Anthony Perry

Sales Manager

The Wet Spot Tropical Fish

4310 NE Hancock St.

Portland, OR. 97213

PH: 503.719.7003